One of the most prevalent substances in the universe, hydrogen has the ability to power cars without emitting any pollution. Hydrogen fuel cell electric cars (FCEVs) produce only water as a byproduct while using hydrogen gas to power an electric motor. In comparison to conventional vehicles, FCEVs have a number of benefits, including great efficiency, a long range, quick refuelling, and little noise. Here are details of New Hydrogen Fuel Car Launches in India.
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Hydrogen Car Challenges
India confronts numerous difficulties with regard to air pollution, climate change, and energy security as a developing nation with a sizable population and rising energy consumption. India has been researching numerous renewable and alternative energy sources, including hydrogen, to address these concerns. With programmes like FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric cars) and NEMMP (National Electric Mobility Mission Plan), India has also been promoting the use of electric cars (EVs) throughout the nation.
EVs do, however, have certain drawbacks, including high cost, battery deterioration, inadequate infrastructure for charging, and grid stability. FCEVs can therefore complement EVs and offer a workable alternative for clean and environmentally friendly mobility in India. FCEVs can also use the existing pipelines and stations for compressed natural gas (CNG) to distribute hydrogen.
2020 saw the successful testing of India’s first hydrogen fuel cell vehicle by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and KPIT, a global conglomerate based in Pune. The vehicle employed a low-temperature PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) type fuel cell that was locally produced and capable of running at as low as 65 degrees Celsius. The vehicle obtained a 250 km range per kilogram of hydrogen and a peak output of 10 kW.
The Union Ministry for Road Transport and Highways, in association with Toyota Kirloskar Motor and the ICAT (International Centre for Automotive Technology), started India’s first hydrogen-powered FCEV project in 20221. One of the most cutting-edge FCEVs in the world, the Toyota Mirai, will be tested on Indian roads and in Indian weather as part of this initiative. The Toyota Mirai has a five-minute refuelling time and a range of up to 650 kilometres on a single charge. Additionally, the project intends to raise knowledge of FCEV and hydrogen technology and its advantages for India.
India’s first hydrogen-powered car
Nitin Gadkari, Union Transport Minister, drove India’s first hydrogen-powered car to Parliament in 2023 to draw attention to the necessity of switching to green and renewable energy sources. According to Gadkari, the government is attempting to create green hydrogen using biomass and renewable energy sources in order to lessen India’s reliance on imports and fossil fuels. Additionally, he mentioned that the government intended to launch hydrogen-powered buses from Delhi to Jaipur.
In India, the hydrogen car is not only a theory; it is a reality that is being tested and shown by numerous stakeholders. A future of clean, green mobility that is good for the environment, the economy, and society may be provided by hydrogen cars in India. Cost, safety, standards, laws, policies, incentives, awareness, and teamwork are just a few of the obstacles that still need to be overcome. India can lead the world in hydrogen car technology and pave the path for a society based on hydrogen with coordinated efforts from the government, business, university, and civil society.
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